Government of Mongolia
Mongolian is a parliamentary republic, with President second in authority to state Great Khural (Parliament).
Mongolia's independence was declared once again on July 11, 1921.These events led to Mongolia's close alignment with the Soviet Union over the next seven decade.
Constitution of Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол Улсын Үндсэн Хууль, Mongol Ulsyn Ündsen Khuuli, "Mongol State's Basic Law") is the constitution of Mongolia.
It was adopted on January 13. 1992, put into force on February 12, and amended in 1999 and 2001.
Mongolia has 21 aimags (provinces), and the capital city (Ulaanbaatar), are including 3 autonomous cities (Darkhan, Erdenet and Choir). The aimags are subdivided into somons, or district of which there are 298. The biggest aimag is Umnugov which occupies an area of 165,000sq.km but due to its rigorous climatic conditions has the smallest population (only 42,400 people).
Passports and Visas are required by all. A visa is issued upon invitation by a Mongolian Citizen, or a Mongolian Registered Company. A visitor to Mongolia must supply the company with all his personal details. The permission to issue a visa is sent to the client's nearest Mongolian Embassy or Consulate. The client must then present himself at the embassy, with his passport and two photographs and fill out an application form, submitted with the appropriate fee. Group visas may also be arranged. Embassies may be found in Beijing, Hong Kong, Bangkok, London, Washington, Moscow, Bonn, Berlin, Paris, Brussels, Tokyo, Delhi, Seoul, and Hanoi. Singapore Citizens need no visa for stays up to 14 days. No vaccination certificates are required.
The tugrug or tugrik (Mongolian: төгрөг) (sign: ₮; code: MNT) is the official currency of Mongolia. It was historically subdivided into 100 mungu (мөнгө). Currently the lowest denomination in regular use is the 10-tögrög note and the highest is the 20,000-tögrög note.